Colour blindness is a condition in which an individual has difficulty distinguishing specific colours, typically red, green, and blue. This condition affects around 8% of men and 0.5% of women of Northern European descent. Colour blindness can cause many obstacles in daily life and the workplace.

Difficulty distinguishing specific colours: The most common obstacle that colour-blind individuals face is difficulty distinguishing specific colours. For example, someone with red-green colour blindness may have difficulty distinguishing between red and green traffic lights, making driving difficult. Similarly, someone with blue-yellow colour blindness may have difficulty distinguishing between shades of blue or yellow, making it difficult to read maps or interpret weather patterns.

Difficulty in certain professions: Certain professions, such as graphic design or interior design, may be more challenging for colour-blind individuals, as colour is a key aspect of these fields. Colour-blind individuals may have difficulty selecting or matching colours and may have to rely on the help of others to complete their work. Similarly, colour blindness can also be an obstacle in fields like fashion, printing, photography, and others.

Inaccessibility of specific technologies: Some technologies are not designed with colour blindness in mind, making them difficult or impossible to use. For example, some computer programs and apps use colour coding to indicate different functions or options. Still, these colour codes may be difficult or impossible for a colour-blind person to distinguish. Similarly, some websites and digital media may use colour to convey important information, such as warning messages, but these colours may not be visible to a colour-blind person.

Social and emotional challenges: Colour blindness can also cause social and emotional challenges for individuals. For example, colour blindness can make it difficult for someone to fully participate in social activities, such as choosing clothes to wear or picking out flowers for a loved one. Colour blindness can also lead to feelings of isolation and frustration.

Difficulty in education: Colour blindness can also affect educational performance. Children with colour blindness may struggle to distinguish between different colours in their workbooks or in illustrations in their textbooks, which can make it difficult for them to learn. They may also have difficulty reading and writing, as colour blindness can make it difficult to distinguish between different coloured inks.

There are ways to help people with colour blindness overcome some obstacles. For example, iRo Lens glasses can be worn to help distinguish between different colours and to see if these would benefit you, try our testing iRo Lens testing kits first. Additionally, there are computer programs and apps that can be used to adjust the colour schemes on a computer or mobile device to make them more visible to colour-blind individuals. However, there is no cure for colour blindness, and the best way to help colour-blind individuals is to create an environment that is inclusive and accommodating of their condition by providing alternative ways of providing information and access to information, such as providing text labels or audio cues along with colour information.